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Newcastle was once defended by walls 10 feet wide and 25 feet high. In some parts, these walls and towers still survive. The inpregnable walls were said to be the amongst the thickest in Europe in the 14th century.

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The "New Castle", from which the city took its name, was built in 1080 by Robert Curthose, the bastard son of William the Conqueror. The original Castle was built from wood and erected on the site of the Roman fort of Pons Aelius.

The Church of St. Nicholas became a cathedral in 1882 on establishment of the diocese of Newcastle. A church of the same name was built on this site in Norman times. A dene is a local name for a steep sided, narrow river valley. Newcastle once had many but few remain today, the exception beingJesmond Dene which is the most popular park in the City. Close by in the city centre is the 135 foot Earl Grey's Monument, built 1838, to commemorate the locally originated Prime Minister, who had passed the great reform act of 1832 - and made world famous by giving his name to his favourite blend and flavour of tea.

Newcastle's many attractions may searched for within the map below.

Clicking on one of the labelled sites of interest eg 'Art Gallery' will display further information and details in depth which will help plan your visit.

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